Environmental Compliance

Foothill Associates offers in-depth knowledge and experience with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), Clean Water Act (CWA), Endangered Species Act (ESA), California Department of Fish and Game code, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), and other federal and state environmental regulations and statutory requirements. Our experience ranges from infrastructure (pipelines, drainage master plans) to development (golf courses, shopping centers, subdivisions) and transportation (highways, bridges, streetscapes) projects.

In addition to the preparation of environmental documents and studies, Foothill Associates frequently recommends creative and streamlined project approaches, environmental programs, and regulatory compliance strategies to our clients, saving valuable time and financial resources.



Our regulatory staff prepares both CEQA and NEPA environmental compliance documentation. Our viewshed analysis, biological resource, and land use assessment capabilities provide clients with cost effective and legally defensible environmental impact analyses. Our staff is experienced analyzing project alternatives, identifying mitigation measures, and establishing a mitigation monitoring program. They are also adept at public participation in support of the environmental review process.


Waters of the U.S.

Activities that may affect water quality of waters of the U.S. are regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Clean Water Act (CWA). Foothill Associates regulatory staff are experts in provisions of Section 404 and 401 of the Clean Water Act; and in delineating waters of the U.S. We regulatory work with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to obtain Individual Permits, Letters of Permission, and General Permits under Section 404 for fills to waters of the U.S and with the California Regional Water Quality Control Board to obtain Section 401 permits. We also prepare Lake and Streambed Alteration Agreements pursuant to California Department of Fish and Wildlife Code for activities that my modify a river, stream, or lake and affect fish and wildlife resources.


Endangered Species Act

Our regulatory specialists and biologists work together to prepare documentation and surveys for state and federal threatened, endangered, and sensitive (TES) species. Foothill Associates provides technical expertise for all aspects of endangered species evaluation and compliance. We have considerable experience conducting field surveys for TES animal or plant species in a variety of habitats and environments. Additionally, we conduct environmental impact analyses for projects that may have an affect upon TES species; we coordinate and consult with wildlife agencies regarding compliance with federal and state endangered species legislation (Section 7 consultation), and develop mitigation and monitoring plans for projects with adverse effects on TES species.


Federal Highway Administration and Caltrans

Foothill Associates has demonstrated experience referencing the Caltrans Standard Environmental Reference (SER) and implementing the preparation, submittal, and evaluation of environmental documents for transportation projects. We have experience preparing Preliminary Environmental Studies (PES) as outlined under the Caltrans Local Assistance Procedures Manual for federally funded projects, and our biologists are experienced with preparing Natural Environment Studies (NES). We have also assisted local agencies with the relinquishment process and are experienced with Caltrans Encroachment Permits.


Mitigation Plans

Mitigation is used to offset adverse impacts that a project may have on any number of conditions, including natural resources. Mitigation can be required by a number of regulatory agencies for impacts to a wide range of protected species and habitats. Foothill Associates has expertise preparing mitigation plans as required by California Environmental Quality Act, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers permits, California Department of Fish and Wildlife permits, and other government agency codes.


Management Plans

Foothill Associates is experienced with conditions of US Army Corps of Engineers permits to write Operations and Management Plans for areas that contain preserved, mitigated, or restored resources. We also have experience writing Land Management Plans pursuant to the California Department of Fish and Wildlife guidelines for management and long-term protection of wildlife, habitats, and compatible public use.


Visual Analysis

Foothill Associates has extensive experience evaluating aesthetics impacts of proposed projects. For projects located within sensitive view corridors and viewsheds, Foothill Associates’ staff members have analyzed potential visual impacts from key observation points, analyzed the degree of potential view interruption or degradation, created photo inventories, assessed community values relevant to surrounding views and architectural designs, and provided graphic depictions of existing views and anticipated view impacts using computer visual simulations. Foothill Associates has experience using Bureau of Land Management (BLM), U.S. Forest Service (USFS), and other visual/scenic assessment protocols for both CEQA and NEPA analyses.